Bukhara is the holiest city in Central Asia and honoured as 'Noble Bukhara' among Muslims (one of the seven holy cities of Islam). The number of population is 263,400 that has been inhabited for at least 5 millennia. Bukhara also has many names from centuries ago, one of it was 'Numijkat'. It has also been called 'Bumiskat' or in Arabic was 'Madinat al Sufriya’ (The Copper City) and 'Madinat Al Tujjar ‘ (The City of Merchants).
Bukhara is situated on the Silk Road trade centre and is more than 2,000 years old. It is known as one of the most complete medieval cities in Central Asia. The holiest city consists of monuments including the famous tomb of Ismail Samani which is a masterpiece in the 10th century on top of large numbers of Madrassah in the 17th century. Before Arab conquered Bukhara, the city owed its prosperity to the rich oasis. However, the great economic growth came to an end when Genghis Khan sacked the city in 1220.
A new lease of life came in the 16th century for the city of Bukhara when Uzbek Shaybanids made it their capital known as Bukhara Khanate. After a long period of unrest and short-lived dynasties, it was absorbed into Soviet Union in 1920 under the newly created Uzbek (USSR) in 1924.
The aspect of the efforts to maintain Bukhara city’s beauty intact, UNESCO decided to honour Bukhara for preserving its beauty in 1997 as remarking 2500-year anniversary since the date of the city’s foundation through organising an international fund called ‘Bukhara-2500’. The real importance of Bukhara lies not in its individual buildings but in its overall level of urban planning and architecture which began with the Shaybanid dynasty.
BUKHARA is one of the important stopovers for caravans that are using the silk route. For Muslims, it is a common knowledge that this city is the birthplace of great figures in the world such as Imam Al Bukhari.
History about the Great Silk Road
As the name signifies, the main object traded on caravan roads is silks, which is highly demanded around the world. In the early Middle Ages, silk was the most popular measure of research that forced out even the gold. Aligning to the fact, the price for a horse was equal to the price of ten cuts of silk in Sogdiana. Silk was the currency for accomplished work, maintenance of servants and was also used to pay off the punishment for committed crimes.
The Great Silk Road is not only known for its trade path for the caravans but also the route for the spread of cultural achievements of various nations, intellectual values, and religious beliefs. Finally, throughout many centuries hundreds of world famous scientists, researchers, and warriors had travelled on these caravan roads.
Special long-term program which included the proposals about the renaissance of the historical heritage had been created in cooperation with UNESCO. In the year of 1994, Samarkand’s declaration “Renaissance of the Great Silk Road” was adopted.