Gur-e Amir or Gur-Emir, the English Tomb of the Commander, the mausoleum of the 14th-century when the Mongolians conquer Timur, or Tamerlane, in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. As time passes and many series of earthquakes that caused the suffering of Uzbekistan, the monument still looks as impressive as ever. The current structures within the complex consist of a chapel crowned with a ribbed blue-tiled roof and protected by an archway. Elegant turquoise arabesque paint the interior walls with gold inscription decorations. The Gur-e Amir Mausoleum is one of the properties included in the declaration of Samarkand as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001.
Registen Square is a real gem located in Samarkand's heart of the ancient city. It is a place which has the meaning of a sandy place. Registan Square has gained its fame worldwide thanks to the great architectural ensemble that has become a monument of the oriental architecture. Surrounded by three different sides, with three grand madrassahs, the portals of the madrassahs faces the center of the architectural space. All three buidlings have their own unique and magnificent decor. This makes it a large courtyard on on one side with three huge peshtaks which are the three arches serving as an entrance.
The Bibi Khanym Mosque, being named after the wife of Timur the Great, is one of the most important monuments located in central Samarkand. It is the largest of its kind in central Asia with the measurement of 109 x 167 meters and capable of hosting nearly 10,000 worshippers. Even during times of possible damages, it was easily the tallest building in Samarkand until the late 20th century. Bibi Khanym mosque is known as the congregational (Friday) mosque of Timur's beloved Samarkand. A huge Quran stand made from marble blocks placed at the center of the courtyard, and according to local legend, women who crawl beneath it will be blessed with many children.
Shah-i-Zinda is one among the oldest and longest-running examples of a continuously constructed historic site in the world. Shah-i-Zinda is also a necropolis, consisting rows of blue tombs and various mausoleums grouped along a narrow avenue. It was built with a single religious monument over 1,000 years ago. Various temples, mausoleums, and buildings were continuously as parts of the funerary complex added throughout the following centuries, from approximately the 11th century to the 19th. The results were turning up into various architectural styles, methods, as they have changed throughout a millennium of work.