Hazrat Khizr Mosque, one of Samarkand’s most venerated spiritual places, is situated on a hill that provides a stunning panoramic view of the legendary city and its architectural jewels. Built in the 8th century, making it one of the oldest mosques and the very first mosque built in Samarkand. In the past, the mosque was located in the accessibility of the city gates, through which caravans following the Great Silk Road entered the city. This mosque is one of the oldest Muslim religious buildings in Samarkand.
Ulughbeg observatory, was a three-storied covered in beautiful glazed titles building of round form 46 meters in diameter, 30 meters in height. In its main hall, huge s were placed for observations of Moon, Sun, and other stars of the vault of heaven.The observatory was a unique construction for its time. The basis of the observatory was a giant goniometer vertical circle where the radius of the circle was equal 40,212 meters, and the length of arc was about 63 meters. The main instrument-sextant was used to measure the angle of elevation of heavenly bodies and aligned with the amazing exactness of the meridian line from south to north. For nearly half a millennium, Ulughbeg observatory remains as one of the greatest observatories ever built that is placed hidden in Central Asia.
Afrasiab Museum in Samarkand is a museum built in dedication to the history of the city. The museum building was designed by the Armenian architect Bagdasar Arzumanyan, who is more than 40 years old in 1970. The museum is located in the northern part of Samarkand, round central bazaar and near the hills of the ancient settlement of Afrasiab. Afrasiab which was once located in the heart of ancient Samarkand, destroyed by the Mongols in the early of 13th century. The museum reveals and illustrates the history of Samarkand’s development from the time of Alexander the Great conquest. A few archaeological excavations in Afrasiab discovered, there are certain belongings that each belong to a different period of the settlement's history are the most valuable artifacts of the museum.
Karimov Mausoleum is the mausoleum of the first president of Uzbekistan. Islam Karimov was from Samarkand. Therefore, his mausoleum was built next to the Hazrat Khizir mosque and the Shah-i-Zinda complex. The Mausoleum of the founding father of Uzbekistan’s state independence and its first president, Islam Karimov mausoleum was built in the territory adjacent to the Hazrat Khizr Mosque in Samarkand. During the construction of the mausoleum, great maintenance and care was taken not only to ensure the mausoleum structure accompanies the Hazrat Khizr mosque, but to also preserve its historical appearance on the UNESCO World Heritage Site.