Itchan Kala is the inner fortress of Khiva, located in the south of the river Amu Darya, known as the Oxus during ancient times in Khorezm, Uzbekistan. The inner city has 26 hectares and was built according to the ancient traditions of Central Asian town building. As a regular rectangle (650 by 400 meters), the fortress extends from the south to the north and is covered by brick walls up to 10 meters high. The property consists of 51 ancient monumental structures and 250 dwellings displaying extraordinary architectural structures such as the Djuma Mosque, the Oq Mosque and the Madrasahs.
The Isfandiyar Palace was built towards the end of the Tsarist era between 1906 and 1912. The architectural structure gives out a stunning view with the combination of Uzbek and Russian design components. It has many similarities with summer residences that were built during the tsarist era. The rooms in the palace are largely empty, but the walls and ceilings have been decorated with bling screams to the highest level. The walls are made of brightly patterned tiles and the ceilings have detailed painted patterns of flowers and foliage. There is also a fireplace are lavishly decorated with tiles more of European style compared to Uzbek in style with tall mirrors covering the walls in a salon octagonal shape.
Ak Mosque 'White Mosque,' or Ak-Machet Mosque, is a small district mosque with an interior dome surrounded by a veranda. Its architecture is unique, as most of Khiva's buildings feature a single north-facing iwan (open-sided room) or perhaps two side-by-side buildings, such as the Kuhna Ark citadel. Instead, the iwans of the Ak Mosque extend along three sides of the building, forming a continuous veranda supported by a number of carved wooden columns. The intent of this design is not clear, although it provides a much larger sheltered area for worshipers visiting the mosque from a practical point of view.
Sayid Allauddin Mausoleum is one of the oldest buildings in the walls of Ichan-Kala. It was named after Sufi and descendant of the Prophet Muhammad in the East. A small mausoleum was built in his honour in the 15th century, and 4 centuries later an extension was made. Despite the simplicity, even some ascetic look of the structure, this place is extremely popular in the Islamic world. annually pilgrims are drawn here not only from Uzbekistan but also from other Asian countries.
The Museum of Applied Art and Life is located in Kazy Kalya Madrasah. It was built at the beginning of the 20th century. Visitors to the museum can get to know the works of craftsmen from the 18-19th centuries, as well as some examples from the 20th century. There is a unique collection of art, jewellery, wood carving, stone carving, ceramics, carpet weaving and various household items. The exhibition at the Museum of Applied Art and Life began to be refurbished in the mid-nineteenth century. A great deal of attention was paid to handicrafts, household goods, household goods and ancient coins. The museum's collection was interesting for fans of ancient artefacts, which were shown in different cities.